The European Union is the world-leading producer of wine. Between 2014 and 2018, the average annual production was 167 million hectolitres. It accounts for 45% of world wine-growing areas, 65% of production, 60% of global consumption and 70% of exports.
Since the first common market organisation (CMO) in 1962, the wine market has developed considerably. The latest wine reform adopted in 2008, revised and included in the 2013 single CMO envisaged the following three goals:
making EU wine producers even more competitive – enhancing the reputation of European wines and regaining market share both in the EU and outside;
making the market-management rules simpler, clearer and more effective – to achieve a better balance between supply and demand;
preserving the best traditions of European wine growing and boosting its social and environmental role in rural areas.
In addition to its general goals to harmonise, streamline and simplify the legislation, EU regulation replaced the planting rights regime in 2015 by a scheme of authorisations for vine planting during the period between 2016 and 2030, enabling competitive producers to increase production within certain limits.
Protected wine denominations
The eAmbrosia database consists of the register of designations of origin and geographical indications protected in the EU as well as lists of non-EU countries' geographical indications and names of origin protected in the EU in accordance with bilateral agreements on trade in wine.
The wine market observatory contains the latest market monitoring of production, stocks, trade, areas, and consumption. It also contains information on EU and national wine support programmes for analysis and evaluation.